Municipalities can be confronted with flooding and overflow due to a number of factors, such as poorly maintained infrastructure, inadequate drainage systems, and excessive urbanization. Furthermore, climate change, including increased precipitation, can put additional pressure on existing infrastructure and lead to flooding and overflows. Overflows can also occur due to extreme weather conditions, snow melt, a saturation of soil and sewer systems or pump failures, debris blocking sewers, or problems with discharge control devices.
Implementing a monitoring system for infrastructure is essential to detect and respond to overflows and anomalies rapidly. Effective surveillance will help municipalities prevent and manage overflows by monitoring water levels, flows, and return flows, detecting leaks, and monitoring drainage systems. Proper infrastructure monitoring also allows for controlling and maintaining existing infrastructure, so drainage systems can be repaired or improved to withstand overflows better. Finally, it assists municipalities in better planning and taking measures to mitigate the effects of future overflows.