Municipalities may experience flooding or overflows due to a variety of causes, including neglect of infrastructure, substandard drainage systems, and excessive development. In addition, overflows can also result from extreme weather, melting snow, heavy rainfall, saturated soil, clogged sewers, or faulty discharge control devices.
Implementing a monitoring system for infrastructure is essential for detecting and responding swiftly to overflows and abnormalities. An effective surveillance system can aid municipalities in preventing and managing overflows by monitoring water levels, flows, and return flows; detecting leaks; and monitoring drainage systems. The monitoring also allows for adjusting and sustaining the current infrastructure, allowing drainage systems to be repaired or enhanced to endure overflows more reliably. Finally, it will assist municipalities in making more strategic plans and taking steps to mitigate the repercussions of future overflows.